In 968, Dinh Bo Linh became Emperor and chose Hoa Lu (a part of Ninh Binh Province now) as his capital. This is considered the first capital of the feudal state of Vietnam. At present in Hoa Lu remains the vestiges of the ancient capital. The following explanation of Hoa Lu Ancient Capital will help you have a clearer view of this historical capital.
Hoa Lu Ancient Capital is a land region of Truong Yen commune, Hoa Lu district, Ninh Binh province today. It has about 300ha and is divided into different areas such as Thanh Ngoai, Thanh Noi and Thanh Nam. Currently, Hoa Lu Ancient Capital is one of the most beautiful tourist sites in North Vietnam.
According to the ancient books, after had defeated the Song dynasty army and unified the country, Emperor Dinh Bo Linh chose Hoa Lu land to build the capital city because this is his home. Besides, Hoa Lu is a beautiful land region, charming country. Moreover, the mountain-river intertwine is very convenient for military development.
On the palace architecture of Hoa Lu (the palace of the King), many researchers think that the old imperial face is very splendid and luxurious with its strong and skillful decoration. The remnants of the ancient capital of Hoa Lu show that the architecture – art at that time was extremely developed with specific characteristics – simple but delicate, strong.
Starting from the Ly, in 1010 King Ly Cong Uan moved the capital to Thang Long. From that time, Hoa Lu became an ancient capital with the mark of 42 years of Dai Co Viet. However, the kings continued to restoration, building many works in the ancient capital of Hoa Lu.
Hoa Lu ancient capital has impressive works such as King Dinh Tien Hoang (Dinh Bo Linh) Temple or Princess Ma Yen Temple, King Le Dai Hanh Temple, Princess Phat Kim Temple, King Ly Thai To Temple or Nhat Tru Pagoda simulating the architecture of One Pillar Pagoda in Hanoi.
With a distance of 100km from Hanoi and the convenience of a transport system, it takes you only about 2 hours to go to Hoa Lu by car. Arriving there, you will get to hear an explainer tell the stories of kings. Besides, you can combine the Hoa Luu visit with the visit of some famous sights in Ninh Binh such as Bai Dinh – Trang An, Tam Coc – Bich Dong, Phat Diem Stone Church or Thung Nham, Van Long.